One of the most effective, researched and frequently used exercises in the world of fitness is the “squat”. A fundamental movement pattern, the squat is the subject of much debate, from “proper” squat technique to its “effectiveness” in sport or clinical settings.

When performing squats, consider these basic guidelines:
•Select the most comfortable squat stance (within reason) and/or start from a narrow-stance position
•Foot position should allow for both knees to move in line with toes to ensure proper patellar tracking.
•No valgus or varus movement should be present during the squatting movement.
•No lumbar flexion or excessive forward lean should be present, think knee dominant.
•No heel raising or elevation should occur during the squatting movement.
•For optimal recruitment of involved musculature, a sufficient squat depth should be reached, as displayed by squatting to parallel or below parallel, in a comfortable position.